Minimally Invasive Aortic Valve Surgery
Patients who suffer from severe aortic stenosis, which is the narrowing of the heart’s aortic valve opening that restricts blood flow, have a minimally invasive surgical option available at Temecula Valley Hospital. Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is an advanced heart valve replacement procedure that offers new hope to patients who have aortic valve stenosis and are not candidates for Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR). It is a minimally invasive procedure, which can help dramatically reduce your recovery time.
Make an Appointment
Contact one of these Interventional Cardiologists who are certified to perform TAVR procedures, or call our Heart Valve Coordinator – TAVR Program at 951-285-6782.
What is Aortic Stenosis?
Aortic stenosis is a common heart condition caused by the narrowing of the heart’s aortic valve due to a buildup of calcium deposits. When the valve narrows, it does not open or close properly, which makes the heart work harder to pump blood through the body. This can cause the heart to weaken and function poorly, which can lead to heart failure and an increased risk for sudden cardiac death.
Symptoms of aortic stenosis may include:
- Chest pain or pressure
- Heart murmur
- Heart palpitations
- Rheumatic fever
- Shortness of breath during activity
Treating Aortic Stenosis
Treatment for severe aortic valve stenosis is typically managed by a team of experienced cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons who collaborate to determine the most appropriate care for each patient. Medications do not cure aortic stenosis but are sometimes prescribed to help control symptoms, maximize heart function, control blood pressure and control heart rhythm disturbance.
Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR) is the traditional treatment for patients with aortic stenosis. SAVR is an invasive surgical procedure and many patients are at high risk for surgery, or are altogether ineligible for surgery, therefore TAVR provides a new option for many patients.
How TAVR Works
TAVR is catheter-delivered aortic heart valve replacement. There is no need for a heart-lung machine because the procedure is performed while the heart is beating. A TAVR valve is made of biological material and is supported with a metal stent.
There are four different approaches to TAVR:
- From the femoral artery through the groin
- Through a small incision on the chest wall
- Through the aorta
- From the subclavian artery under the collar bone
A catheter is advanced into the pumping chamber of the heart under direct guidance using various imaging techniques. The heart valve is compressed and placed on a balloon catheter. The valve is positioned inside the diseased aortic valve. The balloon valve is then inflated to secure the valve in place.
Watch this video to learn more about how the TAVR procedure works: